Lexicon 1


  • Archival Research: is research involving primary sources held in an archives, a Special Collections library, or other repository. Archival sources can be manuscripts, documents, records, including electronic records, objects, sound and audiovisual materials, or other materials. (research.library.gsu.edu/archivalresearch)
  • Catalog metadata: is a mechanism for storing and accessing descriptive metadata and allows users to query for data items based on desired attributes. (https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSDP9S…/iiyfcstomdc.html)
  • Citation: a quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work. This is important because it helps readers to know where the information came from, basically establishes credibility. (Rose, lecture)
  • Close Reading: Close reading is a path to critical thinking. It is also called efferent reading. There are several elements to close reading, including: Learn about the author, Skim the text, Annotate the text, Outline the text, Free-write and summarize the text, Explore your preliminary beliefs on the subject. (Rose, lecture)
  • Critical Thinking: The act of objectively weighing information and evidence surrounding an issue in order to form an independent opinion or conclusion. Critical thinkers consider the context and reasons behind the information and are skilled at drawing connections between ideas. (pg 35-37) (Rose, lecture)
  • Cultural specificity: The inherent cultural bias in the creating and reading of texts. (Guide, chapter 7)
  • Curate: To curate is to select, preserve, maintain, collect and the archiving of digital assets. (www.dcc.ac.uk)


  • Descriptive metadata: describes a resource for purposes such as discovery and identification. It can include elements such as title, abstract, author, and keywords. (marciazeng.slis.kent.edu/metadatabasics/types.htm)
  • Discourse Community: A discourse community is a group of people who share a set of discourses, understood as basic values and assumptions, and ways of communicating about those goals. (Webcourses.ucf.edu)
  • Finding Aid: in the context of archival science, is a document containing detailed information about a specific collection of papers or records within an archive. Finding aids are used by researchers to determine whether information within a collection is relevant to their research. (https://www.archives.gov)
  • Identifiers: A globally unique label that identifies a learning object. (dictionary.com)


  • Lexicon: Meaning a book of language. We use it to mean words relevant to a field or topic. Being able to communicate in a discourse community (Rose, lecture)
  • Material Culture: refers to the physical objects, resources, and spaces that people use to define their culture. (www.dictionary.com/browse/material-culture)
  • Medium: The material or technical means through which something is made. (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/medium)
  • Metadata: a set of data that describes and gives information about other data. (dictionary.com)
  • Polysemous: Visual texts can carry multiple meanings to address rhetorical situations. (Guide, chapter 7)
  • Primary source description: Provides direct or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art. Primary sources include historical and legal documents, eyewitness accounts, results of experiments, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, audio and video recordings, speeches, and art objects. (https://library.ithaca.edu/sp/subjects/primary)
  • Prownian Analysis: a means of identifying, analyzing and categorizing objects in Historical Archaeology. (Haltman, “Essays in Material Culture”)


  • Secondary source description: a secondary source of information is one that was created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in the events or conditions you’re researching. For example books and articles. (https://www.library.illinois.edu/village/primarysource/mod1/pg2.htm)
  • Tagging: is a keyword or term assigned to a piece of information (such as an Internet bookmark, digital image, database record, or computer file). This kind of metadata helps describe an item and allows it to be found again by browsing or searching. (https://www.computerhope.com/jargon/m/metatags.htm)
  • Thick Description:  Descriptions that are incredibly detailed and seek to find meaning behind ritual and behavior. (Rose, lecture)